The Philippine Value of Pakikipagkapwa-Tao
in the Lumination of Edith Stein's Empathy
Sem. Francis Anthony Beldia
Rogationist College College- Cebu,
Cebu Metropolis, Philippines
On this newspaper, I will speak about the Filipino value of Pakikipagkapwa-tao and interpret that in the mild of Edith Stein's Sympathy as intersubjecttivity. I believe this Filipino value can be better understood through Edith Stein's concept of intersubjectivity, that is, gentleman can understand himself better in relation with others throughout the concept of Edith Stein's intersubjectivity. Then, I shall present some significant thoughts of the other philosophers to help us better understand this subject. I shall also present what is this kind of Filipino worth of pakikipagkapwa-tao and how this kind of Filipino worth recognizes the fact that " you and I” are other human beings. one particular I shall also give a brief account of Edith Stein's Empathy. Then lastly, I shall consider the Filipino worth of pakikipagkapwa-tao in view of Edith Stein's Accord as intersubjectivity. At the end on this paper, empathy may open another discipline for presentation on the other Philippine values, it is because pakikipagkapwa-tao could be also associated with those different Filipino ideals. On Intersubjectivity
Intersubjectivity refers to the sociable relationships of the subject with another subject matter. In male's daily endeavors, a subject to subject relationship is very common since he co-exists together with the others in the society. Pakikipagkapwa-tao is a benefit in which a single relates with the others through the recognition that they can be both man.
Interhuman Marriage is an act to become aware of the others' existence and staying related to the persons without the intention of using other folks as a means for attaining personal motivations. a couple of For Karl Jaspers, Communication is the standard foundation of human relationship. This individual defined conversation as " something among human people who participates in a prevalent world order and work together in the prevalent tasks. ”3 Communication consequently may also act as expression and symbol to be. 4 Therefore this Philosophy points to the " I” and " Thou” while the very actors of intersubjectivity. In the Viewpoint of Communion of Gabriel Marcel, which stems from and is centered on person who is accessible to the various other and recognizes the various other as recognized of his own staying, it is evident that accord can't be attained unless you have the presence of the other for it requires a reciprocity of subject-subject relationship rather than that of subject-object. 5 " Body by itself is a subject matter and therefore, will not derive the subjective features from a principle specific from itself, ”6 Ponty said. He also added, " I know myself as being a subject as I know the others as a subject matter equal to myself. ”7 Inside the very action of knowing the others by itself and taking into consideration them as subjects, there may be already a relation between your one who is knowing and the one staying known as a subject to subject relation.
Theodore Lipps said, " empathy appears like the inner reflective perception that lets me know personally and is able to deliver understanding of others as human persons. ”8 Lipps concept of empathy considers the " I” reflecting as well as the others as human beings. Hence, one can know himself more as he is present together with the others.
The Nature of the Filipino Benefit of Pakikipagkapwa-tao (Human Fellowship)
The Filipino value of pakikipagkapwa-tao is derived from the Filipino word " kapwa-tao” which means " many other human, ” with that " pakikipagkapwa-tao” may be loosely translated as " the work of mutually acknowledging one another as many other human. ”9 Filipinos know that they exist with the other folks. Thus in pakikipagkapwa-tao or perhaps regard individuals, man shows openness and relatedness to others, and treats them while fellow people. In the work of acknowledging others since fellow individual, one is as well acknowledging him self as man.
A human being is already with the other folks even from the day of his birth. 10 These types of...
Bibliography: Main Sources:
Stein, Edith, On the Problem of Empathy. Holland: Martinus Nijhoff, 1964.
Timbreza, Florentino. Filipino Values Today. Manila: Countrywide Book Retail outlet, 2005.
Buber, Martin. The Knowledge of Person. New York: Humanity Books, 1998.
Marcel, Gabriel. the Philosophy of Existentialism, trans. Bey Manya Harari. New You are able to: The Citadel Press, 1956.
Sawicki, Marriane. Body, Textual content, Science: the Literacy of investigative methods and the Phenomenology of Edith Stein. Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Web publishers. 1997.