INFORMATION PAPER

SUBJECT: Improvised Explosive Gadgets (IEDs) and Landmines

Purpose: To provide history on the types of Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) and Landmines.

Facts:

a. Improvised Explosive Products (IEDs)

(1) The Improvised Explosive System (IED) is also known as the " Homemade Bomb” or " roadside bomb”. It is used by terrorists and is also designed to cause death or injury.

(2) An IED has five components: a switch (activator), an initiator (fuse), box (body), fee (explosive), and a electricity source (battery). 1

(3) IEDs get caught in three types:

(a) Package Type IED - Concealed Mortars or Cannon Projectiles are usually thrown from overpasses, emplaced along MSRs and different supply routes/unimproved roads, or concealed underneath piles of sand, dust, trash and other common supplies. 2

(b) Motor vehicle Borne IED (VBIED) -- devices involving a vehicle because the deal or holds for these devices. The larger the automobile, the more volatile material that can be used, resulting in higher destruction. three or more

(c) Suicide Bombs - a great IED through which an individual posseses an IED attached with the individual with all the intention of committing committing suicide in order to destroy or injure as many Military as possible. some

b. Landmines

(1) A landmine can be described as type of forceful device that may be intended to trigger the damage of equipment or perhaps personnel.

(2) A landmine typically is made up of five elements: a firing mechanism, a detonator or igniter, a booster demand, a main charge and a casing, which will contains all of the above products. 5

(3) There are two sorts of Landmines:

(a) Anti-tank Mines (AT) - utilized to immobilize or destroy automobiles and there occupants. six

(b) Antipersonnel Mines (AP) - made to kill or perhaps incapacitate all their victims, and will damage medical resources, supply resources, and non-armored vehicles7

3. The TC 20-32-5 can...